James Burnham was a popular political theorist, activist and intellectual, known for his work The Managerial Revolution, published in 1941, which heavily influenced George Orwell’s “1984”.
Burnham was a leading American Trotskyist in the 1930s, forming the American Worker’s Party, which was a communist and anti-Stalinist party. He left the party in 1940, distancing himself from communism, and worked for the Office of Strategic Services during the war. After the war he called for an aggressive strategy to undermine Soviet Union power during the Cold War.
In 1983 he received a Presidential Medal of Freedom from Ronald Reagan.
Major works of James Burnham
– Managerial revolution
– The Machiavellians: Defenders of Freedom
– The Struggle For the World
– The Coming Defeat of Communism
– The Suicide of the West: An Essay on the Meaning and Destiny of Liberalism