Associated with Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel(1770-1831) and his followers, notably in England Francis Herbert Bradley (1846-1924). Also see: coherence-theory-of-truth.php.
This is a form of idealism whereby reality, though mental or spiritual, does not depend on the human mind in particular but comprises a single spiritual entity: the absolute (hence the name ‘absolute idealism’ also given to this view).
Reality is one, and individual minds and their contents are mere parts or aspects of this and have no separate existence.
Idealism, in terms of metaphysics, is the philosophical view that the mind or spirit constitutes the fundamental reality. It has taken several distinct but related forms. Among them are objective and subjective idealism. Objective idealism accepts Naïve realism (the view that empirical objects exist objectively) but rejects naturalism (according to which the mind and spiritual values have emerged due to material causes), whereas subjective idealism denies that material objects exist independently of human perception and thus stands opposed to both realism and naturalism.
Schelling, Hegel and Schopenhauer had forms of objective idealism.
The philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce stated his own version of objective idealism in the following manner:
The one intelligible theory of the universe is that of objective idealism, that matter is effete mind, inveterate habits becoming physical laws (Peirce, CP 6.25).
A. C. Ewing is an analytic philosopher influenced by the objective idealist tradition. His approach has been termed analytic idealism.
- Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
- Charles Sanders Peirce
- Josiah Royce
- William Ernest Hocking
- G. R. G. Mure
- Brand Blanshard
- A. C. Ewing
- Vittorio Hösle
- Absolute idealism
- Doctrine of internal relations
- German idealism
- Open individualism
- Pragmatic maxim
- Pragmatic theory of truth
- Transcendental idealism
- Triadic relation