Revisionism (19th century- )

An adaptation of Marxism, originally associated with the German socialist Eduard Bernstein (1850-1932).

Capitalism was not in crisis, and its replacement by socialism was likely to be a matter of peaceful development and adaptation.

A British version of this body of ideas is Fabianism.

David Miller et al., eds, The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought (1987)

Revisionism may refer to:

  • Historical revisionism, the critical re-examination of presumed historical facts and existing historiography
    • The “revisionists” school of thought in Soviet and Communist studies, as opposed to the Cold War “traditionalists” school.
    • Historical negationism, concerted denial of claims accepted by mainstream historians, may purport to be historical revisionism but its methodologies have no basis in historiography/profession of history
    • Revisionist School of Islamic Studies, which questions whether the traditional accounts about Islam’s early times are reliable historical sources
  • Revisionism (Ireland), an issue in Irish historiography
  • Revisionism (Spain), a derogatory term used in Spanish historiographic debate
  • Revisionist Zionism, a nationalist faction within the Zionist movement
  • Marxist revisionism, a pejorative term used by some Marxists to describe ideas based on a revision of fundamental Marxist premises
  • Fictional revisionism, the retelling of a story with substantial alterations in character or environment, to “revise” the view shown in the original work
  • Territorial revisionism, a euphemism for revanchism or irredentism
  • Revisionism Theory, another word for Reformism
  • The reevaluation of one’s experiences with a hindsight bias

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