Equality of states doctrine (20TH CENTURY)

Theory of the equality in law of all sovereign states.

The principle is clearer than is the descriptive accuracy. But belief in the principle itself can become a factor in international relations if expressed through institutions such as the United Nations.

Graham Evans and Jeffrey Newnham, The Dictionary of World Politics (Hemel Hempstead, 1990)


  • Political equality, in which all members of a society are of equal standing
    • Consociationalism, in which an ethnically, religiously, or linguistically divided state functions by cooperation of each group’s elites
    • Egalitarianism, a trend of thought that favors equality for all people
    • Equal opportunity, a stipulation that all people should be treated similarly
    • Equality of outcome, in which the general conditions of people’s lives are similar
    • For specific groups:
      • Gender equality
      • Racial equality
    • Equality Party (disambiguation), several political parties
  • Social equality, in which all people within a group have the same status, a form of social justice.
  • Economic inequality


  • Equality before the law, the principle under which all people are subject to the same laws
  • Equality Act (disambiguation), several pieces of legislation

Mathematics and logic

  • Equality (mathematics), the relationship between expressions that represent the same value or mathematical object
  • Logical equality


  • Equality, Alabama, an unincorporated community
  • Equality Township, Gallatin County, Illinois
    • Equality, Illinois, a village
  • Equality Township, Red Lake County, Minnesota
  • Equality Colony, an American socialist colony founded in 1897 in Washington state

Arts and entertainment

  • Equality (film), a 2010 American documentary short film by Al Sutton
  • Equality (novel), an 1897 utopian novel by Edward Bellamy
  • Equality; or, A History of Lithconia, an 1837 utopian fantasy novel by an anonymous author


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