Scitovsky paradox

Named after the Hungarian-born American economist TIBOR SCITOVSKY (1910-2002), Scitovsky paradox states that in welfare economics there is no increase in social welfare by a return to the original part of the losers.

If Allocation X is changed to Allocation Y, those who suffer in the move could still gain enough by returning to X even after forgoing some of the difference between the two allocations. Thus, a medium-rate taxpayer might easily be persuaded to pay more taxes if the threat of paying much higher taxes is removed.

Also see: social welfare function, pareto optimality, cost benefit analysis

Source:
T Scitovsky, The Joyless Economy: An Inquiry into Human Satisfaction and Consumer Dissatisfaction (Oxford, 1976)

he Scitovsky paradox is a paradox in welfare economics which is resolved by stating that there is no increase in social welfare by a return to the original part of the losers. It is named after the Hungarian born American economist, Tibor Scitovsky.

According to Scitovsky, Kaldor-Hicks criterion involves contradictory and inconsistent results. What Scitovsky demonstrated was it is possible that if an allocation A is deemed superior to another allocation B by the Kaldor compensation criteria, then by a subsequent set of moves by the same criteria, we can prove that B is also superior to A.

The paradox occurs when the gainer from the change of allocation A to allocation B can compensate the loser for making the change, but the loser could also then compensate the gainer for going back to the original position. Scitovsky pointed out that to get at the correct criterion of welfare we must remove this contradiction. He has therefore offered his own criterion called the “Scitovsky Double criterion”.[1]

The Scitovsky criterion was developed by Tibor Scitovsky in his paper “A Note on Welfare Propositions in Economics”, 1941

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